Biography: Douglas Fowley

Biography: Sidney Toler

Biography: Richard Lane

Biography: Bob Bailey


He was one of the biggest crooks in the movies. In the 1940s, any feature-film script calling for a villainous swindler would usually be handed to Douglas Fowley. He played a dapper, dangerous, pencil-mustached gangster in dozens of movies, including Laurel & Hardy’s Jitterbugs. It’s a typical Fowley role: he is an underworld figure who answers to an even higher underworld figure, and he disarms his victims with ingratiating words and a toothy smile.

Born Daniel Vincent Fowley in New York City on May 30, 1911, Fowley attended St. Francis Xavier’s Military Academy in New York. While in his teens he developed an interest in the theater, and played in local stock companies. He was proficient enough to become a dramatic coach, and he played bits in New York-based film productions. In 1932 he moved to Hollywood for more stage work, and in 1934 he began working steadily in pictures, under the aegis of producer Sol Wurtzel and his busy “B” unit at 20th Century-Fox. Fowley was a typical Wurtzel contract player: he worked often, first in bit roles, then moving up to small dialogue parts, and finally to featured player. Fowley is clean-shaven in his earliest roles; in the late 1930s he adopted a pencil mustache which established him as a premier villain.

Like many typecast actors, Fowley was capable of a wider range — he was a skilled performer who could play many different parts equally well. He played a bitter murder suspect in Charlie Chan on Broadway, a gambler in, appropriately enough, Mr. Moto’s Gamble, a crooked taxi baron in In Fast Company, a drunk who causes a disastrous commotion in Mighty Joe Young, a saloon sharpie in the Cisco Kid western Satan’s Cradle, and a worried henchman in the stark police procedural Armored Car Robbery, as well as frequent castings on either side of the law in melodramas. He almost always had supporting roles, but he did play a few romantic leads during the wartime manpower shortage. In fact, his films were often made so quickly, and he could play supporting roles so effortlessly, that he worked in pictures a few days at a time while serving in the United States Navy!

Douglas Fowley had a definite knack for comedy. Most movie fans know him from Singin’ in the Rain as “Roscoe Dexter,” the frustrated movie director. In the opening scene of The Band Wagon he is the smiling but increasingly nervous auctioneer who desperately tries to entice the crowd with his wares. In the early 1940s he worked for Hal Roach in a few comedy featurettes, notably 1941’s Tanks a Million, in which Fowley plays an Army officer who is amazed, bewildered, and dumbfounded by a recruit with a photographic memory.

Producer Sam Katzman, noted for cranking out successful movies on low budgets, hired Fowley to play a high-school football coach In Monogram’s “Teen Agers” comedy Junior Prom. Fowley (clean-shaven once more, apparently during his Navy hitch) registers exasperation with his inept team, and finally tries to leave the field with suitcase in hand! When Sam Katzman liked certain performers, he’d remember them for other roles, and that’s why Douglas Fowley turns up in the Columbia B musical Manhattan Angel. Fowley makes an unbilled surprise appearance as a fashion photographer who simply can’t make sense of his models’ rapid chatter!

Fowley was often resourceful before the cameras, and added comic touches to a stereotypical bad-guy role. In the Screen Guild crime drama Arson, Inc., Fowley plays the villain along the usual lines, but when he expects pretty Anne Gwynne for a romantic evening and old-maid Maude Eburne shows up instead, Fowley reacts with a memorable take worthy of the best comedians. Columbia used him frequently: in the B comedy He’s a Cockeyed Wonder, mobster Fowley fishes Mickey Rooney out of a swimming pool and barks, “I’ve thrown back bigger ones than this!” Also at Columbia, Fowley is the tough guy driven almost to distraction in two “Blondie” features. In one of them he apparently substituted for screen menace Sheldon Leonard at the last minute: Fowley’s character is still named “Blackie Leonard.”

In the 1950s, when fewer studios made fewer movies, Fowley accepted lesser assignments like Cat-Women of the Moon, featuring Fowley in 3-D as a spaceship navigator (and he served as the film’s dialogue director). He also did some television, notably in the Hugh O’Brian series “Wyatt Earp,” and in “The Abbott and Costello Show.” According to Bob Satterfield of the California Sons of the Desert, Fowley and Bud Abbott passed the time exchanging lines from Shakespeare’s plays. Fowley tried to establish himself as a director but his efforts yielded only one film, a B jungle thriller called Macumba Love, produced independently and released through United Artists in 1960.

Fowley’s private life was seldom stable, which may explain his on-again-off-again career during his later years. He was reportedly married eight times, and had occasional personal problems. Things turned around for him in 1970, when he married for the last time (a union which lasted 27 years, until his death). In the 1970s the former fashion-plate gangster was playing white-haired old coots in TV-movies and Western adventures, and was now billing himself as “Douglas V. Fowley.” A short-lived ABC sitcom of 1979, “Detective School (One Flight Up),” had urban misfits aspiring to be gumshoes. Fowley’s comic timing was the best thing in the show: when bossy harridan Lawanda Page struck a “sexy” pose and crooned, “Check it out! Check it out!” grizzled wino Douglas Fowley yelled back, “Throw it out! Throw it out!”

Health problems overtook his career in the 1980s; his final film was a 1981 episode of the “Father Murphy” TV series. His retirement years, although plagued with illness, were happy. He died on May 21, 1998, nine days before his 87th birthday.

Douglas Fowley belongs in the character actors’ hall of fame. It’s nice to know that he worked with Laurel & Hardy at least once in his career.

Copyright © 2017 by Scott MacGillivray.


Some of Laurel & Hardy’s co-stars were often associated with a single type of character part: Jack Norton usually played drunks, Eric Blore servants, Charles Middleton villains, and so on. Character actor Sidney Toler made dozens of films over 17 years, but he is generally identified with his most famous role: “Charlie Chan.” When Warner Oland, who personified the wily Oriental detective in films, died in 1938, 20th Century-Fox scoured the casting directories for a suitable replacement. Amid much publicity the studio settled on a relatively obscure background player named Sidney Toler, and the “Charlie Chan” mysteries made him a star.

Sidney Toler was born in Warrensburg, Missouri on April 28, 1874. A graduate of the University of Kansas, he played prominent roles in popular plays of the day, including “Lulu Belle” and “Canary Dutch.” He also wrote one play, “Belle of Richmond.”

He entered films at the dawn of sound, in 1929’s Madame X. Toler’s stock-in-trade was resigned grumpiness, which he often used for comic effect. In Speak Easily (1932), stage manager Toler’s reactions to the Buster Keaton-Jimmy Durante antics around him are very funny. (Not all of Toler’s roles were this prominent; he’s a crowd extra in The Marx Brothers’ 1933 film Duck Soup.)

Laurel & Hardy’s Our Relations gave Toler the reasonably good role of the grouchy captain of the boys’ ship (“And don’t call me Cappy!”). Toler was a dependable character player but he didn’t make a great impression on audiences until he became “Charlie Chan.”

Sol Wurtzel, who later produced most of Laurel & Hardy’s wartime films, had been making the Chan mysteries steadily until star Warner Oland passed away and “Number One Son” Keye Luke bowed out. Wurtzel wanted to keep the series going, but he was typically cautious about Sidney Toler; he tried the actor for a single picture before committing to a series. Toler caught on immediately, and he continued in the role almost exclusively for the rest of his career. When Fox discontinued the series in 1942, Toler returned to character work but his Oriental portrayals now found him cast as an ethnic type in exotic settings, and these were only supporting roles.

The 68-year-old actor, evidently recognizing that his only chance for starring roles would be as Charlie Chan, bought the screen rights to the character himself. He tried to interest Fox in a deal in which he would produce the films and Fox would release them. This might have worked a few years later, when independent producers had more chances for releasing outlets with major studios, but in 1943 Fox said no — not surprising since the Chan boxoffice receipts were slumping anyway, and Fox had already written off the series.

Toler approached various producers, trying to revive the Charlie Chan property. Philip N. Krasne, a prominent Hollywood attorney who often invested in motion picture productions, was receptive to Toler’s pitch, and with financing assured Toler found a berth at Monogram Pictures. Monogram was a “budget” studio without too many star attractions, and considered landing Toler and Charlie Chan a great coup. This proven property would open doors for Monogram: theater managers who ordinarily wouldn’t go near Monogram product took a chance on the new Chan series. To Monogram’s credit, the studio hired major-name supporting actors to give the productions some stature, and Charlie Chan’s return was welcomed by moviegoers.

Sidney Toler’s “Chan” was less placid and more acid than his predecessor, and his annoyed remarks to Numbers Two, Three, or Four Sons, and to “Birmingham, the chauffeur” show Toler as his delightfully grumpy best. He also took part in the comic moments of the Chans, notably the finale of Dark Alibi, in which Mantan Moreland and Ben Carter do their “incomplete sentence” act and Toler joins in! Toler’s last non-Chan role was in the Fred Allen–Jack Benny comedy It’s in the Bag (1945), and even this had Toler good-naturedly kidding his meal ticket: he’s a sour plainclothes detective who occasionally speaks without prepositions, like “Mr. Chan” himself!

At a time in life when many actors would be idle and in quiet retirement, Sidney Toler was in his seventies, making three Charlie Chan features a year for Monogram. In 1946, diagnosed with cancer, Toler filmed two Chan features in increasing pain. To minimize the demands on Toler, Monogram hired Victor Sen Young, his Number Two Son from Fox. Young and Mantan Moreland carry much of the action in Toler’s last few films. Like Warner Oland, Sidney Toler died in professional harness; now gravely ill, Toler was positively heroic in his determination to complete one more film, The Trap, before the illness took his life at the age of 73.

When today’s audiences see Sidney Toler in Our Relations, they usually recognize “Charlie Chan.” His scenes with Laurel & Hardy made for some amusing comedy. If only 20th Century-Fox had used Sidney Toler in a Laurel & Hardy movie — or Laurel & Hardy in a Sidney Toler movie!

Copyright © 2016 by Scott MacGillivray.


Richard Lane’s screen portrayals exuded confidence. He had a snappy answer for everything and everybody, and his assured manner gave him a wide range of roles, from slick con men to harried professionals to crafty detectives. He also displayed a flair for comedy. He appears in two Laurel & Hardy features: A-Haunting We Will Go (as a dapper con artist) and The Bullfighters (as a know-it-all press agent).

Richard Lane was born in Rice Lake, Wisconsin on May 28, 1899. He was a stage-struck kid who loved to perform, and for two decades he worked in vaudeville and stock companies. On the musical stage Lane appeared with Al Jolson in “Big Boy,” and in “George White’s Scandals.” Lane’s stage endeavors led to a career in the movies. He made his film debut in 1936, at Vitaphone’s New York studio, working in short subjects with Bob Hope and with Shemp Howard; he also worked opposite newcomer Danny Kaye at New York’s Educational studio.

Hollywood beckoned, and practically every studio in town featured Richard Lane. Some of his more familiar credits include Charlie Chan in Honolulu, Bringing Up Baby, Union Pacific, Time Out for Rhythm (one of his few romantic roles), and Hellzapoppin. The amazingly prolific Lane typically averaged one film appearance per month, and during one six-month period Dick Lane appeared in 29 feature films. Equally amazing is that Lane never saw most of his screen performances — he was just too busy! As he told author James Curtis, “I make ‘em, I don’t have to look at ‘em.”

In addition to his show-business jobs, Lane was an astute businessman with several irons in the fire: he was involved in the manufacture of tools, tires, and venetian blinds; he was interested in modern methods of agriculture; and he wrote and produced a twice-weekly sports program for radio.

Lane’s most familiar screen role was “Inspector Farraday” opposite Chester Morris in Columbia’s breezy “Boston Blackie” mysteries. (He also appeared in the “Blackie” radio series.) Lane was so well established in these “B” features that Columbia gave him other projects. In 1945 producer Jules White paired him with another vaudevillian turned screen actor, Gus Schilling. Gus and Dick clicked as a team, and their series of amusing two-reel comedies lasted five years (and several years more in reissue). Columbia finally gave Lane a feature-film lead in 1948. He played two-fisted “Captain Biff Brown” in the maritime melodrama Devil Ship. The studio was wrapping up its various film series at the time, so “Biff Brown” had only one voyage to his credit.

Toward the end of the 1940s the largest Hollywood studios economized, making fewer pictures. Lane, like many established character actors, turned to the smaller, independent studios for gainful employment. He received excellent notices for his sympathetic portrayal of a down-on-his-luck Kentucky colonel in Lippert’s Everybody’s Dancin’. One of his best roles from this period was in the Allied Artists musical There’s a Girl in My Heart, in which Lane plays a singing police sergeant of 1899!

The late 1940s and early 1950s saw a gradual shift from “B” movie production to television activity. Dick Lane was the one of the first Hollywood actors to seize the new opportunity, having appeared in experimental broadcasts for station KTLA in 1942. His smooth patter was perfect for newscasts and commercials, and he became adept at doing live broadcasts. A staple of early TV was wrestling, broadcast from a local arena. Ringside announcer Dick Lane wasn’t a student of wrestling, but he handled the assignment with his usual resourcefulness. He improvised some exotic-sounding holds (like “the Boston land-crab” and the “lie-flat Kelly”) and bulled his way through the broadcasts. Sports fans ate it up, and the enthusiastic Lane remained a television personality for almost three decades. (Sportscaster Keith Jackson’s familiar cry of “Whoa Nellie!” was originated by Dick Lane almost 70 years ago.)

Lane’s last movie credit was a cameo appearance in Carl Reiner’s 1978 feature film The One and Only. Naturally enough, the film’s subject was professional wrestling. Richard Lane died on September 5, 1982, at the age of 83.

Whenever you see a glib, worldly guy in an old movie, it’s probably Dick Lane. His professionalism always comes through.

Copyright © 2016 by Scott MacGillivray.


Laurel & Hardy: From the Forties Forward
by Scott MacGillivray

Scott MacGillivray’s Laurel & Hardy: From the Forties Forward was the first book to fully chronicle the later careers of Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy, and everything that followed, from theatrical reissues to home videos. If you enjoyed the book the first time, you’ll like this new edition even more. The author has expanded the original text by more than 50 percent, to include new insights, new information, and new discoveries in Laurel & Hardy history, never before published. (Which Laurel & Hardy comedy of the 1940s was withheld from release for almost four years? Which “forties” movie was their all-time biggest hit? Which movie was almost shut down by federal intervention?) You’ll read much more about Stan and Ollie’s unrealized projects, including five more feature films, two TV series, and two Broadway shows. A must-read for Stan and Ollie’s fans everywhere, Laurel & Hardy: From the Forties Forward is better than ever!

Praise for the first edition of Laurel & Hardy: From the Forties Forward

“What a marvelous book! I read it straight through, getting happier by the minute to think that more and more material is being set into history about the boys. The writing is so lucid — and that in this day of film books that aren’t is high praise. Really wonderful!” — JOHN McCABE, Laurel & Hardy’s authorized biographer

“Scott MacGillivray has accomplished something that most historians can only dream of doing: overturning the conventional wisdom… he rewrites the book on the movie-comedy team.” — BOSTON HERALD

“All the world’s admirers of Laurel & Hardy will now forever be indebted to Scott MacGillivray for providing so much new information about two of the world’s most beloved figures.” — STEVE ALLEN

“Displays a knowledge and affection for its subject that one would be hard pressed to find in most academic texts.” — CLASSIC IMAGES

“To write a book about screen performers as well covered as these two and still present a wealth of heretofore unpublished information is quite an accomplishment.” — FILM QUARTERLY

“MacGillivray takes great pains to provide the context necessary to reassess these films after so many years of knee-jerk dismissal and neglect… His book will remain the definitive study of the late years of the Laurel and Hardy phenomenon.” — ARNE FOGEL, Minnesota Public Radio

Order the paperback from Barnes and Noble

Order the hardcover from Barnes and Noble

Bob Bailey in
            "Jitterbugs" BOB BAILEY

You don't think of "leading men" in a Laurel & Hardy movie. With Stan and Ollie as the center of attention, the male leads consisted of either a traditional "juvenile" role or an incidental romantic presence.

Only rarely did we see an actor who shared equally in Laurel & Hardy's dialogue, plot situations, and comic routines. In the 1930s, it was Dennis King (The Devil's Brother). In the 1940s, it was Bob Bailey (Jitterbugs and The Dancing Masters).

Robert Bainter Bailey was born on June 13, 1913 in Toledo, Ohio. Like Stan Laurel, Bailey was born into a show-business family and grew up in a theatrical atmosphere. He became a regular member of the Chicago radio community, with recurring roles in such shows as "The Road of Life," "Scattergood Baines," and "That Brewster Boy."

Bob Bailey answered the call from Hollywood in 1943, and broke into films opposite Laurel & Hardy in Jitterbugs. This was a remake of a 1933 Fox film called Arizona to Broadway, and Bailey took the featured role of "Chester Wright," a worldly confidence man.

Bailey worked so well with Laurel & Hardy that he was hired for their next film, The Dancing Masters. His role of "Grant Lawrence," boy inventor, was neither as demanding nor as prominent as his work in Jitterbugs, but he tried his best with low comedy. In the aftermath of a ginger-ale-spraying sequence, Bailey's half-sheepish, half-snarling "I got my pants wet!" is a comic highlight.

Bob Bailey had superb dialogue skills but limited visual "business"; his few moments of facial mugging in The Dancing Masters are amusing but mechanical, as though he was uncomfortable in broad comedy. 20th Century-Fox took the hint and turned him into "Robert Bailey," promising young dramatic actor. Throughout 1944 Bailey had moderate to minor roles in five 20th Century-Fox features. He lacked the chiseled profile and rugged physique of the typical Hollywood leading man. His soft, boyish features were not the matinee-idol type. His talents, and especially his voice, were better suited to broadcasting, so Bailey returned to network radio.

In 1955 CBS Radio revived one of its popular detective series, "Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar," and cast Bob Bailey in the lead. The role had been played in the hard-boiled gumshoe tradition by Hollywood actors Edmond O'Brien and John Lund, but Bailey brought new dimension and sensitivity to the tough-guy role. The Bob Bailey "Johnny Dollars" are among the most popular and collectible recordings of vintage radio.

In late 1960, CBS moved production of "Johnny Dollar" to New York. Bailey, unwilling to relocate, was forced to relinquish the job. He kept busy writing TV scripts the children's adventure show "Fury" was an ongoing project but his heart was in acting. Plans to bring "Johnny Dollar" to television were dropped when producers couldn't reconcile Bailey's colorful voice with his unimposing (5-foot-9, 150-pound) physique. Bailey made one more film appearance: he plays a reporter in the 1962 Burt Lancaster drama Birdman of Alcatraz.

After this film, Bailey suddenly withdrew from show business and settled into a solitary private life, apart from family and friends for many years. In the 1970s, reunited with his daughter Roberta Goodwin, he lived comfortably in a California suburb. Bob Bailey suffered a stroke in 1983 and passed away that year. He was 70 years old.

Bob Bailey was a skilled dramatic actor who made two funny movies almost by accident. We salute his contributions to the world of Laurel & Hardy.

Copyright © 1998 by Scott MacGillivray. Acknowledgment is made to John Gassman and Roberta Goodwin for background information.

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